Word Root: dis- (Prefix) (2023)

apart, not

Quick Summary

Prefixes are key morphemes in English vocabulary that begin words. A large number of English vocabulary words contain the prefix dis-, which means “apart.” Examples using this prefix include distant, disease, and disqualify. An easy way to remember that the prefix dis- means “apart” is through the word disorder, for items which are disordered are “apart” from being “ordered,” hence are not ordered or are in quite the mess.

Dis- Keeping Things Distant

Prefixes are key morphemes in English vocabulary that begin words. The prefix dis- means “apart;” today we will discover many words that have the prefix dis- in them!

The Roman god Pluto was also named Dis, and luckily this god of the underworld was distant from the land above, or stood “apart” from it. What if Dis were to travel to the upper world with his three-headed dog Cerberus? Imagine how dissimilar, or “apart” from being like others that ghastly duo would be! He and Cerberus would certainly distract people, or draw them “apart” from their usual activities as they walked about town. Speaking of Cerberus, imagine if Dis were to take him to a doggie park—talk about disrupting or breaking “apart” a normal day of playing for all of those one-headed dogs! The disorder, or a state “apart” from being orderly that would ensue would be a hoot to behold. The disquiet that would be present, or a state “apart” from being quiet, would subside once Dis left for his deep home, thus pulling a disappearing act, having gone “apart” from being there, hopefully for a very long time.

Now let’s imagine that Dr. Frankenstein decides to create another monster, this time of himself. For the doctor has caught a fatal disease, which holds his physical comfort “apart” from being at ease. This condition is holding him at quite a disadvantage, keeping him “apart” from being his best. To add insult to injury, while disinterring dead bodies, or taking those bodies “apart” from being buried in the ground, he dislocated his shoulder, taking it “apart” from its usual location. Unfortunately, the hard-up doctor has distrust in anyone else to do the digging for him, or holds them “apart” from his trust. Hence, he may soon become disinterested, or take himself “apart” from interest in the whole concept of making another self and disband his medical team, which would then go “apart” to different areas of the country.

Now you will no longer feel discomfort when encountering words with the prefix dis- in them!

  1. distant: stand “apart”
  2. dissimilar: “apart” from being similar
  3. distract: draw “apart”
  4. disrupt: burst “apart”
  5. disorder: “apart” from orderliness
  6. disquiet: “apart” from quiet
  7. disappear: “apart” from being present
  8. disease: “apart” from ease
  9. disadvantage: “apart” from having an advantage
  10. disinter: to take “apart” from being in the ground
  11. dislocate: to take “apart” from the usual location
  12. distrust: “apart” from being trustworthy
  13. disinterested: “apart” from being interested
  14. disband: when a band of people go “apart” from each other
  15. discomfort: being “apart” from feeling comfortable

Related Rootcasts

  • The Fascinating Parts of Words Morphology is the study of how words are put together by using morphemes, which include prefixes, roots, and suffixes. Parsing the different morphemes in a word reveals meaning and part of speech. For instance, the word “invention” includes the prefix in- + the root vent + the suffix -ion, from which is formed the noun “invention.”
  • Etymology: Word Origins Etymology is that part of linguistics that studies word origins. English vocabulary words are formed from many different sources, especially Latin and Greek. By determining the origins of the morphemes in English words, one is better able to remember and determine the dictionary definitions of words.


  • dissident

    A dissident is someone who disagrees publicly with a government, especially in a country where this is not allowed.

  • disburse

    To disburse is to pay out money, usually from a large fund that has been collected for a specific purpose.

  • disquiet

    When someone feels disquiet about a situation, they feel very worried or nervous.

  • disseminate

    To disseminate something, such as knowledge or information, is to distribute it so that it reaches a lot of people.

  • discursive

    A piece of writing is discursive if it includes a lot of information that is not relevant to the main subject.

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  • disingenuous

    Someone who is disingenuous is not straightforward or is dishonest in what they say or do.

  • disparate

    Things that are disparate are clearly different from each other and belong to different groups or classes.

  • discern

    When you discern something, you notice, detect, or understand it, often after thinking about it carefully or studying it for some time.

  • indiscreet

    Someone who is indiscreet shows lack of judgment, especially because they say or do things in public that should only be said or done privately—if at all.

  • disconcert

    If something disconcerts you, it makes you feel anxious, worried, or confused.

  • dissonance

    Dissonance is an unpleasant situation of opposition in which ideas or actions are not in agreement or harmony; dissonance also refers to a harsh combination of sounds.

  • discordant

    A situation or thing that is discordant does not fit in with other things; therefore, it is disagreeable, strange, or unpleasant.

  • disaffected

    A disaffected member of a group or organization is not satisfied with it; consequently, they feel little loyalty towards it.

  • disinter

    When someone disinters a dead body, they dig it up; likewise, something disinterred is exposed or revealed to the public after having been hidden for some time.

  • discomfit

    If something discomfits you, it makes you feel embarrassed, confused, uncomfortable, or frustrated.

  • disparage

    If you disparage someone or something, you say unpleasant words that show you have no respect for that person or thing.

  • dissemble

    When people dissemble, they hide their real thoughts, feelings, or intentions.

  • disinterested

    Someone does something in a disinterested way when they have no personal involvement or attachment to the action.

  • dissension

    Dissension is a disagreement or difference of opinion among a group of people that can cause conflict.

  • disabuse

    If you disabuse someone of an idea or notion, you persuade them that the idea is in fact untrue.

  • demise

    A demise can be the death of someone or the slow end of something.

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  • disarray

    When you are in a state of disarray, you are disorganized, disordered, and in a state of confusion.

  • discombobulated

    When you are discombobulated, you are confused and upset because you have been thrown into a situation that you temporarily cannot handle.

  • disconsolate

    If you are disconsolate, you are very unhappy or so sad that nothing will make you feel better.

  • discrepancy

    When there is a discrepancy between two sets of data, there is a difference or disagreement among them—despite the fact that they should be the same.

  • discrete

    Discrete objects are completely unconnected to one another, so each one is separate and individual.

  • disdain

    You show disdain towards another person when you despise what they do, or you regard them as unworthy of your notice and attention.

  • disentangle

    When you disentangle a knot or a problem, you untie the knot or get yourself out of the problem.

  • disillusion

    When you disillusion someone, you show that a belief they hold dear is untrue—thereby disheartening and disappointing them.

  • disincentive

    A disincentive to do something does not encourage you to do that thing; rather, it restrains and hinders you from doing it.

  • dismantle

    When you dismantle something, you take it apart or destroy it piece by piece.

  • disparity

    When there is a disparity between two things, they are not of equal status; therefore, they are different or unlike in some way.

  • dispel

    When you dispel a thought from your mind, you cause it to go away or disappear; when you do the same to a crowd, you cause it to scatter into different directions.

  • disposition

    Your disposition is your personality, the way you tend to react to the various events in your life, and the mood that you generally have.

  • dissuade

    When you dissuade someone, you try to discourage or prevent them from doing something.

  • distortion

    When something is subjected to distortion, it is twisted out of shape in some way.

  • indispensable

    An indispensable item is absolutely necessary or essential—it cannot be done without.

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  • predispose

    If someone is predisposed to something, they are made favorable or inclined to it in advance, or they are made susceptible to something, such as a disease.

  • discriminate

    The ability to discriminate between things allows you to notice or be aware of differences.

  • disposed

    When you are disposed towards a particular action or thing, you are inclined or partial towards it.

  • disclaimer

    A disclaimer is a legal statement that declares a refusal to accept responsibility in case something bad happens when a product is used.

  • disrupt

    When you disrupt something that is happening, you interrupt, upset, or disturb it in some way.

  • dispute

    A dispute is a disagreement or argument about something.

  • disintegrate

    When something disintegrates, it crumbles, falls apart, or breaks down into separate pieces.

  • distinctive

    Distinctive qualities set people or things apart from everyone or everything else—they are what make people or things different or unique.

  • distraught

    If you are distraught about a situation, you are very upset or worried about it.

  • disport

    When someone disports, they entertain or divert themselves for the sake of amusement.

  • disorder

    If a place is in disorder, it is not neat and clean; nothing is how it should be.

  • disease

    A disease is a sickness or illness, such as diabetes or cancer.

  • discussion

    A discussion is a talk that you have with one or more people.

  • discover

    When you discover something, such as a new idea or thing, you learn about it or find it for the first time.

  • displace

    When one thing displaces another, it takes its position or place and forces that other thing to leave.

  • dismiss

    When you dismiss someone, you send them away.

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  • distant

    Something distant is far off or far away from something else.

  • distract

    You distract someone by drawing that person’s notice away from one thing to something else.

  • distribute

    When you distribute something, you hand it out or spread it around to a number of people.

  • dissimilar

    When one thing is dissimilar to another thing, it is not like it or is not the same as it.

  • defer

    If you defer the occurrence of something, you delay it to a later point in time.

  • disband

    cause to break up or cease to function

  • disengaged

    Not engaged; free from engagement; at leisure; free from occupation or care; vacant.

  • disheartened

    made less hopeful or enthusiastic

  • dislocate

    move out of position

  • dissociate

    To separate from fellowship or union; to disunite; to disjoin; as, to dissociate the particles of a concrete substance.

  • dissolve

    become weaker

Back to Roots

Related Roots

  • di- apart, not
  • dif- apart, not, away from

Differentiated vocabulary for your students is just a click away.

(Video) Learn Prefix with Tiger | Root Words | ‘tri’ ‘re’ ‘un’ ‘dis’ ‘pre’ | English Vocabulary for Kids


What is the prefix of enough? ›

enough (adj.)

First element is Old English ge- "with, together" (also a participial, collective, intensive, or perfective prefix), making this word the most prominent surviving example of the Old English prefix, the equivalent of Latin com- and Modern German ge- (from PIE *kom- "beside, near, by, with;" see com-).

What is the root word for prefix dis? ›

The prefix 'dis-'comes from Latin, where it has the literal meaning 'apart' and is now commonly used to mean 'opposite of', 'not', 'remove' and 'reverse'.

What is the prefixes for not enough? ›

The prefix under means less, lower, not enough, beneath, or below. So when you attach it to some words, it will change their meanings.

What are 10 words with the prefix dis? ›

List Of Words Prefixed With 'Dis' For Kids
3 more rows
Jul 15, 2022

What are 5 words with the prefix in? ›

Review (Answers)
  • involve. = in. + volve.
  • incomplete. = in. + complete.
  • insignificant. = in. + significant.
  • invent. = in. + vent.
  • insane. = in. + sane.
  • inexpensive. = in. + expensive.
  • intend. = in. + tend.
  • inspect. = in. + sped.
Feb 10, 2016

What are word prefix words? ›

A prefix is a letter or a group of letters that we add to the beginning of a word. Prefixes change the meanings of words. For example, the prefix un- (or u-n) can mean "not," "remove," or "opposite." Adding un- to the word "happy" gives you the word "unhappy," which means not happy.

What is an example of a prefix dis? ›

A large number of English vocabulary words contain the prefix dis-, which means “apart.” Examples using this prefix include distant, disease, and disqualify.

Is dys a root word? ›

dys-, prefix. dys- comes from Greek, where it has the meaning "ill, bad. '' This meaning is found in such words as: dysentery, dyslexia, dyspepsia.

What does prefix dys mean? ›

dys- prefix. diseased, abnormal, or faultydysentery; dyslexia.

What does not enough mean? ›

When something is “enough” it means that it is at a satisfactory level or quantity. The phrase “not enough” is obviously a negative form of that – and it shows that things are not satisfactory! For example: “There is not enough bread for the entire group to eat.”

What is a word for not large enough? ›

little. adjectivesmall in size, amount. Lilliputian. babyish. bantam.

What is a word for not enough money? ›

On this page you'll find 225 synonyms, antonyms, and words related to moneyless, such as: bankrupt, exhausted, impoverished, indigent, insolvent, and needy.

What are 5 words that start with dis? ›

Frequently Asked Questions on Words that Start with Dis

The 6 letter words that start with Dis are, dismay, dismal, dispel, disown, distil, disced, discos, disuse, disarm, dishes, etc. These are a few words that start with Dis for kids.

What word ends with dis? ›

5-letter words that end in dis
  • qadis.
  • sadis.
  • wadis.
  • cadis.
  • gadis.
  • kadis.
  • padis.
  • cedis.

Is dis a prefix in disease? ›

Original Use of 'Disease'

As the addition of its second element to the prefix dis- suggests, it was all about a lack of ease.

What are 20 examples of prefixes? ›

English Prefixes List, Meanings and Example Words Prefix Meaning Example Anti- Against Antifreeze, antithesis De- Opposite Decode, decompose Dis- Not, opposite of Disconnect, disembark Em- Cause to Embrace, emphasis En- Cause to Encode, encounter Fore- Before Forecast, foresight In- İn Infield, infiltrate Im- İn ...

What are 3 examples of a prefix? ›

Examples of prefixes in English
  • a- not, without. amoral, atheist, asexual.
  • after- following something. afterlife, aftermath, aftereffect.
  • all- including everything or completely. ...
  • ambi- both. ...
  • anti- against or opposing. ...
  • astro- relating to stars or outer space. ...
  • auto- by oneself. ...
  • back- behind or reverse.
Dec 8, 2022

What is the prefix of the word de? ›

The English prefix de-, which means “off” or “from,” appears in hundreds of English vocabulary words, such as dejected, deduce, and deficient. You can remember that the prefix de- means “from” or “off” via the word descend, or to climb down “from” or “off” a height, such as a mountain.

What are the 20 most common prefixes? ›

Most Common Prefixes
  • Mid = Middle : Midway.
  • Mis = Wrongly : Mistake.
  • Non = Not : Nonsense.
  • Over = Over : Overlook.
  • Pre = Before : Preview.
  • Re* = Again : Return.
  • Semi = Half : Semicircle.

What are 100 examples of prefixes? ›

100+ Prefix Words List for Grades
de-fromdecode, decrease, deflate, degenerate, depress
non-notnonsense, nonentity, nondescript
co-withco-worker, co-pilot, co-operation
dis-notdisagree, disallow, disarray, disconnect, disloyal, disrespect
35 more rows

Is dis a prefix in the word display? ›

Most words that start out <dis> do contain the prefix dis-! 2. There are two dis- words that deserve a special word: display and disaster.

How do you use dis in a sentence? ›

Dis in a Sentence
  1. Your attempts to dis me by talking about my bad grades isn't really going to work.
  2. Matthew tried to dis Maria by bringing up her lack of friends, but she didn't really care.
  3. The two boys tried to dis each other with words, but their insults ultimately led to a fight.

What words have the prefix dis and mis? ›

Mis prefix words include misbehave, mistype, and misspell. Dis- words include disappeared, disappointed, and disobeyed.

What are sample words for dys? ›

dys- in British English
  • diseased, abnormal, or faulty. dysentery. dyslexia.
  • difficult or painful. dysuria.
  • unfavourable or bad. dyslogistic.

Does the prefix dys mean painful? ›

Answer and Explanation: The meaning of the prefix dys is bad/difficult/ painful/disordered. For example, dysphagia is a condition where a person faces difficulties in swallowing food or drinks.

Does dys mean difficulty? ›

To keep it simple the prefix DYS just means, a difficulty, with whatever 'root word' follows it. Once you know this, it makes it much easier to understand the whole word.

What is the opposite of dys? ›

Its opposite is eu‑.

What does the prefix dys mean quizlet? ›

prefix. The prefix dys- means: painful, difficult, or abnormal.

How do you use enough? ›

enough comes after adjectives and adverbs. I'm not tall enough to reach the top shelf. Your marks are good enough to study engineering at university. I couldn't write quickly enough and I ran out of time.

What it means to be enough? ›

You are enough means that you don't have to strive to become more worthy, more valid, more acceptable, or more loved. You already are all of those things. There are things you might want to be more of. More open. More honest.

What enough is enough meaning? ›

idiom. used to say that one wants something to stop because one can no longer accept or deal with it. I don't mind lending her a bit of money now and then, but enough is enough!

What is a word for rich but not poor? ›

Some common synonyms of wealthy are affluent, opulent, and rich.

What is the synonym of rich enough? ›

prosperous. wealthy. well-heeled. well-off. well-to-do.

Have enough money to pay for meaning? ›

To afford means you have enough money or time for something.

What 8 letter word starts with dis? ›

8-letter words starting with DIS
25 more rows

What words start with dis and have 7 letters? ›

7-letter words starting with DIS
25 more rows

What word starts with de? ›

What are the Words That Start With De? The Words That Start With De are Den, Demand, Detail, Depend, Decimal, Design, Determine, Density, Desert, Dessert, Device, Delight, Develop, Device, Decode, Defend, Detect, Decide, etc.

What are negative words with dis prefix? ›

I hope you enjoyed learning about these prefixes, check out this table below with more examples!
5 more rows
Aug 9, 2021

What is the prefix dis to respect? ›

Expert-Verified Answer

The prefix of respect will be 'dis' and the new word becomes 'disrespect.

Is the prefix dis Latin? ›

Dis- is a little different

While un comes from Old English, dis emerged instead during the Middle English period, deriving from Latin and French des. In Latin, dis meant "away from" or "apart". Dis also derives from the similar bis, of Greek origins, meaning two, or divided in two.

What is the prefix in inferior? ›

sub- under, below, inferior.

What is a prefix word? ›

A prefix is a word part added to the beginning of a word or base word (for example, un-). If the prefix un- is added to helpful, the word is unhelpful.

What is the correct prefix word? ›

In the case of correct, the prefix 'in' can be added to the word to form the antonym of correct. That is "incorrect". incorrect = prefix of correct.

What is the prefix suffix sufficient? ›

The prefix of sufficient is insufficient.

What suffix means inferior? ›

It derives from the Latin inferus, meaning “low.” The suffix -ior is used to form comparative adjectives (as in ulterior and junior). The specific meaning of inferior often depends on what it's applied to. If a product is inferior to another one, it means it's not as good.

What prefix means deficient or below? ›

hypo- below, incomplete, deficient, under.

What is the opposite prefix of inferior? ›

(slang) From inferior by dropping prefix in-, meaning the opposite of inferior, or excellent, superior.

What is the prefix of happy? ›

Detailed Solution

The correct answer is 'un. ' The prefix that goes with 'happy' is "un-".

What is the prefix of different? ›

One correct prefix that means "different" is "hetero-". The origin of this prefix is the Greek word heteros.

What is the prefix for turn? ›

Tropo- is a combining form used like a prefix variously meaning “turn,” “reaction, response,” or “change.” The form is used in many scientific terms, including in biochemistry, ecology, and meteorology, where tropo- specifically represents the troposphere, the lowest layer of the atmosphere.

What is the negative prefix of trust? ›

Whenever you experience a lack of trust, you're distrustful. The word adds the prefix dis-, "not," to trustful, or "full of trust." If your cousin frequently tells tale tales, you will probably be distrustful when he claims that he recently met a famous movie star.

What is the negative prefix of correct? ›

in- prefix
1 more row

What is the negative prefix of reliable? ›

John is reliable, you can trust him to do anything you ask. James, on the other hand, is unreliable, you cannot rely on him. By adding un to reliable we change the meaning of the word to not reliable.


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